33 Men: Inside the Miraculous Survival and Dramatic Rescue by Jonathan Franklin

By Jonathan Franklin

On August five, 2010, on the San José mine in northern Chile, 33 males have been entombed 2,300 ft less than the earth while a slab of rock the scale of a skyscraper sheared off the mountain and sealed close their simply entry to the skin. The miners have been found alive 17 days later, and for the following seven weeks after that discovery, as rescuers sought to convey them to the skin, the eyes of the realm shifted to this formerly imprecise nook of South the United States. greater than 2,000 newshounds and journalists flooded in to hide the drama. yet regardless of around the globe curiosity, the media hardly delved to both front strains of the rescue or less than the outside of the tragedy. Locked in the back of police strains, such a lot newshounds have been diminished to months of interviewing relations and politicians. notwithstanding, award-winning journalist Jonathan Franklin used to be the exception.

The print journalist with the main broad entry and contacts, Franklin pronounced, recorded, and filmed from front row of the operation because it opened up and, for that reason, used to be afforded exceptional and precise entry to the miners and the rescuers. Now, for the 1st time ever, he tells their complete tale in 33 males: contained in the remarkable Survival and Dramatic Rescue of the Chilean Miners

Franklin's prestige as a "local"--he has lived in Chile for sixteen years, speaks fluent Spanish, and has six daughters together with his Chilean wife--and his 25 years' adventure as an investigative reporter supplied him entry different newshounds may in basic terms dream of. for nearly six weeks he lived at the hillside that served because the rescue operation's nerve heart. He sat in on making plans conferences, pored over govt records, and recorded periods among the miners and the psychologists charged with taking care of their psychological well-being. He carried out interviews with miners' households, rescue employees, engineers, drill operators, and so on, together with President Piñera of Chile. Even sooner than the miners have been rescued, whereas they have been nonetheless underground, Franklin interviewed them through a makeshift telephone that attached them to the outside. "I sat during this box the place you'll choose up a mobilephone, dial 11, and the telephone might ring down below," says Franklin, who constructed any such bond of belief with the miners that they defined in nice element the dramatic first 17 days in their confinement. bring to an end from the outside...

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1987). The special feature of this excellent work is its particular reference to the mining problems of the developing countries. In most cases, mining is preceded by exploratory diamond drilling (Fig. , No. 5, 1991, p. 10) in order to get samples of the subsurface, and build a three-dimensional structure of the ore body. 1 Diamond drilling, and collection of sludge samples (source: UNEP Tech. , No. 5, 1991, p. 10). 2 MINE DESIGN PROCESS A large coal mining project is bound to have a profound effect on the economy of an area or region, in terms of investment, use of natural resources, employment, environmental impact, etc.

The preliminary operation is the same as in conventional cyanide process, namely, crushing and grinding of ore, mixing it with water, and making a slurry. Before pumping the slurry to the leach tanks, Haber’s patented reagent suite is added. This involves the use of activated carbon to recover the gold in solution, which is then followed by electrowinning. The acidic tailings are neutralized before disposal. The most serious problem facing the mining industry is the disposal of wastes. The extent of the environmental impact of mine wastes can be illustrated with the example of gold.

Emulsion explosives have emerged as safe, inexpensive and easy to use alternatives to the old nitroglycerine, water gels, ANFO, etc. These explosives are manufactured in the form of water-in-oil emulsions. As each micro cell of the oxidizer is coated with an oily exterior, the emulsion has excellent water resistance, and could therefore function efficiently under water. Glass microspheres dispersed throughout the basic emulsion serve as bulking agent and help in density control and sensitivity.

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