A New Biology for the 21st Century by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century: Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution

Now greater than ever, biology has the capability to give a contribution functional strategies to a number of the significant demanding situations confronting the us and the realm. a brand new Biology for the twenty first Century recommends "New Biology" approach--one that is determined by higher integration inside biology, and nearer collaboration with actual, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to discover recommendations to 4 key societal wishes: sustainable meals construction, environment recovery, optimized biofuel construction, and development in human healthiness. The technique demands a coordinated attempt to leverage assets around the federal, inner most, and educational sectors to aid meet demanding situations and increase the go back on existence technology examine in most cases.

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Extra resources for A New Biology for the 21st Century

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Because genetic sequences serve as the blueprints for all biological processes, genetic variation affects the functioning of all of the networks that underlie human health. As if the challenge of understanding the connection between an individual’s genome sequence and health were not difficult enough, two additional factors add further layers of complexity. First, feedback from the environment affects how the genetic blueprint is executed. For example, individuals who live at high altitudes, where the air holds less oxygen, produce more red blood cells.

A fully characterized model plant would provide a scaffold upon which the myriad variations found throughout the plant kingdom could be interpreted and put to use. Here lies the connection between biodiversity and meeting the challenge of revolutionizing our capacity to generate plant ­varieties Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 22 A NEW BIOLOGY FOR THE 21ST CENTURY to meet local needs and conditions. Every plant species, even every local population of a species, contains unique genetic resources that could contribute to improving the crops we depend on.

In this way, new connections within the physical sciences became apparent and drove further advances. These theoretical advances also led to practical applications that transformed society. Having a “parts list” of the physical world enabled scientists and engineers to develop technologies that would not have been possible without this understanding.

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