Ancient Israel: Highlights from the Collections of the by Gabrielle V. Novacek

By Gabrielle V. Novacek

On January 29, 2005, the Oriental Institute celebrated the respectable public establishing of the Haas and Schwartz Megiddo Gallery. This party marked the go back of a few of the main striking artifacts ever excavated within the southern Levant to everlasting public demonstrate. The Oriental Institute's prolific background of exploration within the area is testomony to a long-standing scholarly ardour for discovery and the pursuit of information. This quantity attracts from the momentum generated through the outlet of the Megiddo Gallery and provides a range of highlights from the Institute's higher Israel assortment.

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The name for the ware is derived from the bases of the vessels which resemble rings. DURING THE LATE BRONZE Although a variety of Base Ring I Ware forms have been found, the most common type to appear in the southern Levant is the bilbil jug, illustrated by this example from Megiddo. The term bilbil is derived from the sound that liquid makes when poured from the narrow opening of the vessel. The function of the bilbil jug seems to be reflected in the shape of the main body of the vessel which imitates the form of an upturned poppy head.

Edu ancient israel THIS TYPE OF BOWL , often referred to as a “milk bowl” by scholars due to its distinctive milky white painted slip, is one of the most famous types of pottery to be produced during the Late Bronze Age on the island of Cyprus. Properly known as White Slip Ware, diagnostic features of these vessels include a wishbone-shaped handle as well as the characteristic white slip and embroidery-like patterns painted on the interior and exterior surfaces. Potters’ wheels were not used in the production of milk bowls, and scholars have suggested that the nearperfect hemispherical shape was achieved by using a gourd as a mold.

Astarte herself was usually associated with sexuality, fertility, war, and the productive powers of nature. In mythological texts from the ancient city of Ugarit (located in coastal Syria) she can also be androgynous. Astarte appears under several additional names in Canaanite religious texts, including Asherah, ‘Anat, Ba‘alat, and Elath. Astarte would later continue as the principle goddess in Phoenician religion. Astarte has been connected to the Greek goddess Aphrodite and was also adopted by the ancient Egyptians as a lunar goddess and the daughter of Ra or Ptah.

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