Ancient Israel: Highlights from the Collections of the by Gabrielle V. Novacek

By Gabrielle V. Novacek

On January 29, 2005, the Oriental Institute celebrated the reputable public establishing of the Haas and Schwartz Megiddo Gallery. This celebration marked the go back of a few of the main remarkable artifacts ever excavated within the southern Levant to everlasting public exhibit. The Oriental Institute's prolific background of exploration within the zone is testomony to a long-standing scholarly ardour for discovery and the pursuit of data. This quantity attracts from the momentum generated by way of the outlet of the Megiddo Gallery and current a range of highlights from the Institute's better Israel assortment.

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After the fall of Avaris, the Hyksos were pursued by the Egyptian armies across the Sinai Desert and into southern Canaan. A number of lasting contributions to Egyptian tools and techniques of warfare were made by the Hyksos, including the introduction of the horse-drawn chariot and the composite bow. Various scholars seeking to place the biblical narratives in historical context have suggested that the Middle Bronze Age and the prosperous urban culture of the southern Levant is the most suitable setting for the patriarchs of the Bible.

This type of krater, a popular form among local Late Bronze Age pottery, is described as “biconical,” for its shape resembles two cones joined together at their bases. This particular vessel is one of the most famous pieces from this group to ever have been found in the southern Levant. Uncovered in a Late Bronze Age tomb deposit at Megiddo, the vessel was not only found in a complete state, but also features a group of decorative motifs that are a hallmark of ceramics in this period. ” Generally, a frieze around the circumference of the vessel was divided by triglyphs into individual windows, called metopes.

This seated figure identifies it as Ēl, the creator deity of the Canaanite pantheon. Many aspects of Canaanite religious practice are still unknown; however, scholars have been able to formulate a general understanding based upon various excavated objects, along with textual sources, such as those from Ugarit in Syria. It is clear that the Canaanite religion included a complex family of human-like gods functioning under a supreme patriarch, Ēl. ” The Hebrew language is no exception where the word frequently appears in its plural form, ’ēlōhîm.

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