Arctic Oil and Gas: Sustainability at Risk? by Aslaug Mikkelsen, Oluf Langhelle

By Aslaug Mikkelsen, Oluf Langhelle

This publication analyzes the increasing oil and fuel actions within the Arctic from the viewpoint of Sustainable improvement (SD) and company Social accountability (CSR). the focal point is at the territories of the Arctic rim the place the present and destiny oil and fuel actions within the Arctic are and may be situated. The ebook increases a couple of questions together with how sustainable improvement has been framed within the Arctic and the interplay among indigenous peoples, governments and oil and gasoline businesses.

The booklet is split into 3 elements. within the first a part of the e-book, oil and fuel are approached during the strategies of sustainable improvement (SD) and company Social accountability (CSR) including the problem of weather swap. the second one half involves case experiences from Alaska, Canada, Norway and Russia the place the discourses on oil and gasoline within the Arctic are explored and the ultimate a part of the e-book attracts jointly the cloth from the rustic reviews in a comparative demeanour.

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One view is a project-based approach, where it is the projects that form the activities of sustainable development in the Arctic context. The other view stresses the importance of a wider programme of sustainable development to direct the selection and support of projects. As with the Chapeau on sustainable development, the Action Plan can be used to prioritize projects supported by SWDG, and as the Chapeau, the Action Plan can be seen as an attempt to overcome these differences (Haavisto, 2001).

The current target set by the now 168 states that have signed the Convention is to have ‘at least 10 per cent of each of the world’s ecological regions effectively conserved’, and to protect areas ‘with particular importance to biological diversity’ [Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)/COP7, 24 Oluf Langhelle, Bjørn-Tore Blindheim and Olaug Øygarden Decision VII/30, 2004]. By 2010, terrestrially, and in 2012 in the marine area, ‘a global network of comprehensive, representative and effectively managed national and regional protected area system’ is to be established.

22 Oluf Langhelle, Bjørn-Tore Blindheim and Olaug Øygarden From the specific framing of sustainable development in Our Common Future, therefore, environmental problems that threaten human need satisfaction, today or in the future, are the subject of sustainable development. Environmental problems that endanger the natural systems that support life on Earth – the atmosphere, waters, soils and the living beings – relate to sustainable development. Accordingly, the environment, which is vulnerable to destruction through development, is itself part of the sustainable development agenda.

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