Becoming Landowners: Entanglements of Custom and Modernity by Victoria C. Stead

By Victoria C. Stead

Across Melanesia, the ways that humans hook up with land are being remodeled by way of strategies of modernization globalization, the construction of states and countries, practices and imaginaries of improvement, the legacies of colonialism, and the complexities of postcolonial encounters. Melanesian peoples have gotten landowners, Stead argues, either within the experience that those methods of swap compel varieties of estate family members, and within the feel that landowner and customized landowner turn into identities to be wielded opposed to the encroachment of either kingdom and capital. In areas the place everyday kinds of land tenure have lengthy been dominant, deeply intertwined with senses of self and relationships with others, land now turns into a crucible upon which social kinfolk, energy, and tradition are reconfigured and reimagined.

Employing a multi-sited ethnographic process, turning into Landowners explores those changes to land and lifestyles as they spread throughout Melanesian nations. The chapters stream among coasts and inland mountain levels, among city facilities and rural villages, telling the tales of individuals and locations who're regularly located and specific yet who additionally proportion robust commonalities of expertise. those comprise a subsistence-based group formed via the legacies of colonialism and profession in distant Timor-Leste, villagers in Papua New Guinea resisting a mining operation and the govt brokers assisting it, an city East Timorese payment resisting eviction by means of the geographical region its citizens was hoping might characterize them within the post-independence period, and other people and teams in either international locations who're suffering for, with, and infrequently opposed to the formal codification in their claims to land and position. In each one of those cases, prevalent and smooth different types of connection to land are propelled into complicated and dynamic configurations, theorized right here in an leading edge means as entanglements of customized and modernity.

Moving among a number of websites, scales, and different types of collectivity, changing into Landowners unearths entanglements as areas of deep ambivalence. right here, constructions of strength are destabilized in ways in which can lend themselves to the diminishing of neighborhood autonomy within the face of the kingdom and capital. whilst, the destabilization of energy additionally creates new probabilities for the reassertion of that autonomy, and of the generic types of connection to land within which it's grounded.


Show description

Read or Download Becoming Landowners: Entanglements of Custom and Modernity in Papua New Guinea and Timor-Leste PDF

Similar other social sciences books

General Philosophy of Science: Focal Issues

Scientists use strategies and ideas which are partially particular for his or her subject material, yet in addition they proportion a part of them with colleagues operating in numerous fields. examine the organic suggestion of a 'natural sort' with the final idea of 'confirmation' of a speculation by means of convinced proof. Or evaluate the actual precept of the 'conservation of power' and the overall precept of 'the team spirit of science'.

Sociology, Theology, and the Curriculum (Theology in Dialogue Series)

During this publication, theologians consider sociological equipment, discover social theories of the human agent, and provide a theological transformation of sociology. Spanning such advancements as neighborhood, non-stipendiary ministries, the identity of the roots of church development, and giving voice to homosexual and lesbian Christians, this selection of leading edge essays offers a desirable and critical discussion on how the doubtless disparate fields of sociology and theology can remove darkness from and improve another.

The Fairy Mythology Illustrative of the Romance and Superstition of Various Countries

An incredible research on fairy and fairy mythology from world wide. Chapters contain: Persian Romance; The Peri-wife; Arabian Romance; Middle-age Romance; Fairy Land; Spenser's Faerie Queene; Eddas And Sagas; The Alfar; The Duergar; Loki And The Dwarf; Thorston And The Dwarf; The Dwarf Sword Tirfing; Scandinavia; Elves; Sir Olof within the Elve-dance; The Elf-woman And Sir Olof; The younger Swain And The Elves; Svend Faelling And The Elf-maid; The Elle-maids; Maid Vae; The Elle-maid close to Ebeltoft; Hans Puntleder; Dwarfs Or Trolls; Sir Thynne; Proud Margeret; The Troll spouse; The Altar-cup In Aagerup; starting place Of Tiis Lake; A Farmer methods A Troll; Skotte within the hearth; The Legend Of Bodedys; Kallundborg Church; The Hill guy Invited To The Christening; The Troll became Cat; Kirsten's Hill; The Troll-labourer; The Hill Smith; the lady on the Troll Dance; The Changeling; The Tile-stove leaping Over The Brook; Departure Of The Trolls From Vendsyssel; Svend Faelling; The Dwarf's ceremonial dinner; Nisses ; The Nis elimination ; The Penitent Nis; The Nis And The Boy; The Nis Stealing Corn; The Nis And The Mare; The Nis using; The Nisses In Vosborg; Necks, Mermen And Mermaids; the facility Of The Harp; Duke Magnus And The Mermaid; Northern Islands; Iceland; Feroes; Shetland; Gioga's Son; The Mermaid spouse; Orkneys; Isle Of Rugen; Adventures Of John Dietrich; The Little Glass Slipper; the fantastic Plough; The misplaced Bell; The Black Dwarfs Of Granitz, and lots of extra.

Der grosse Pöbel- und Sklavenaufstand: Nietzsches Auseinandersetzung mit Revolution und Demokratie

Seite 1
Nietzsches Urteil tiber die Franz6sische Revolution
Seite 8
Rousseau , Kant und die Moralitat der Revolution
Seite 26
Der Umsturz als Autoritatszerfall.
Nietzsches Beschaftigung mit der Geschichte der Revolution
Seite 58
Die offizielle und die verborgene Revolution
Seite 88
1848 - spate Folgen einer gescheiterten Revolution
Seite 144
Die soziale Revolution und die sozialistische Bewegung
Seite 141
Aspekte der Demokratisierung
Seite 189
Der hohere Mensch und seine demokratische Herkunfi
Seite 236
Revolutionare Hoffnungen eines unpolitischen Menschen
Seite 269
Seire 296
Seite 303
Seite 384

Additional resources for Becoming Landowners: Entanglements of Custom and Modernity in Papua New Guinea and Timor-Leste

Example text

First, it means participating in self-rule, which is achieved by alternating in rule: ‘ruling and being ruled in turn’. In this way people can be ruled and yet not be subject to a master. Second, freedom is understood as ‘living as you like’. This entails personal freedom running in tandem with the former. Democratic citizens expect to be left in peace to run most of their lives themselves. ) If Aristotle preferred a mixed ‘polity’ to pure democracy, what are his views on freedom? As we have seen, despite his antidemocratic scepticism, Aristotle values the diverse perspectives and practical experience that ordinary citizens can bring to bear on politics.

For Aristotle, then, virtue is not a matter of subordinating inclination to duty, but an ingrained disposition to act in a certain way that leads to success in every dimension; it is acquired by ‘educating’ the desires, and by harmonising them with reason. We need practical reason to act correctly, because what is best in any case has to be identified in deliberation, and cannot simply be deduced from first principles. Aristotle’s account of the human good has been well described as being simultaneously ‘thick’ (based on a very specific idea of what is essential to human nature) and ‘vague’ (not specified in detail for every instance) (Nussbaum, 1990: 217).

Like Plato before him, Cicero sees four principal virtues: wisdom, courage, moderation and – the primary virtue – justice. These came to be known as the cardinal 33 The Historical Evolution of Republican Thought virtues, and were an important reference point in defining the concept of civic virtue as it became central to civic republican thought. Wisdom (prudentia) is practical reason guiding actors to put justice, or the common good, before personal advantage (Cicero, 1991: 53, 59–60). Courage (fortitudo) is the ability, essential for a statesman, to transcend material concerns.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.29 of 5 – based on 46 votes

Categories: Other Social Sciences