By Ben Greenebaum, Frank S. Barnes
Bioengineering and Biophysical features of Electromagnetic Fields basically includes discussions at the physics, engineering, and chemical features of electromagnetic (EM) fields at either the molecular point and bigger scales, and investigates their interactions with organic structures. the 1st quantity of the bestselling and newly up-to-date guide of organic results of Electromagnetic Fields, 3rd variation, this publication provides fabric describing fresh theoretical advancements, in addition to new information on fabric homes and interactions with vulnerable and powerful static magnetic fields. Newly separated and extended chapters describe the exterior and inner electromagnetic environments of organisms and up to date advancements within the use of RF fields for imaging.Bioengineering and Biophysical facets of Electromagnetic Fields offers an available evaluation of the present realizing at the medical underpinnings of those interactions, in addition to a partial creation to experiments at the interactions themselves.
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Additional resources for Bioengineering and Biophysical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields (Handbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields, 3Ed)
435. 4. , Electromagnetic Fields, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1964, p. 274. 5. T. , General properties of the interaction between animals and ELF electric fields, Bioelectromagnetics, 2, 1, 1981. 6. E. , Biological influences of power frequency electric fields—a tutorial review from a physical and experimental viewpoint, Proc. IEEE, 69, 1092, 1981. 7. V. , Atmospheric Physics, D. Reidel, Boston, 1980, p. 134. 8. , Electromagnetic Field Theory, A Problem Solving Approach, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1979.
For a given frequency range, average field strength is related to some other parameters, such as fraction of time over a certain threshold, but not to others, such as number of transients per hour. For further discussion of various parameters and their interrelationships, see, for example, Refs. [25,26]. Most measurements have been done in detached houses, even though many city dwellers live in apartment buildings. In apartment buildings, the current in the wiring in the ceiling of one unit, for instance, for ceiling lamps, may most strongly affect the magnetic field level of the unit above.
8 mT. , and they found static magnetic flux densities up to several microtesla. The alternating field was also substantial in some locations and reached up to 15 mT at floor level. However, none of the whole-body alternating magnetic flux densities approached the National Radiological Protection Board (NRPB) investigation levels. Trains operating on DC, such as in the Washington, DC, and San Francisco, CA, transit systems, also produce time-varying fields in the passenger compartments, particularly below 5 Hz [46,47].