By Donald E. Garrett
This complete reference is the 1st to hide industrially vital borates, from deposits, via chemistry, mining, processing, and functions. The reference paintings starts with an inventory of the 238 at present identified borate minerals, their formulation, and homes. It positive aspects smooth theories at the starting place of borate deposits, their molecular constitution and particular descriptions of the world's borate deposits. Garrett describes the interesting background of the invention and improvement of borate deposits with anecdotes of the way inventive operators overcame stumbling blocks in acquiring their minerals. Chapters on mining know-how and processing element the mineral's improvement from the earliest recorded occasions as much as the subtle operations of the current day. The ebook additionally includes a complete literature on boron isotope chemistry, their diversified functions, and productions and source records for the world's greatest business producers.* features as a whole reference for geologists, engineers, and shoppers of borate items* comprises crystallographic descriptions, answer chemistry, isotopic distributions, and different houses of one hundred seventy borate minerals* offers specific descriptions of mining and processing tools and fiscal makes use of* contains statistical information on borate creation, intake, costs, and ore reserves for each kingdom of the realm* presents an in depth bibliography* writer is an expert on commercial minerals via a long time of consulting and procedure improvement paintings
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Additional resources for Borates Handbook of Deposits, Processing, Properties, & Use
033945oB. References Appelo CAJ, Postma D (1993) Geochemistry, groundwater and pollution. Balkema, Rotterdam Belzile N, Morris JR (1995) Lake sediments: sources or sinks of industrially mobilized elements. In: Gunn JM (ed) Restoration and recovery of an industrial region. Springer, New York Berlin Heidelberg, pp 183 -193 Benndorf J (1994) SanierungsmaBnahmen in Binnengewassern: Auswirkungen auf die trophische Struktur. Limnologica 24: 121-135 Blowes DW, Reardon EJ, Jambor JL, Cherry JA (1991) The formation and potential importance of cemented layers in inactive sulfide mine tailings.
1. Flooding state of the lakes Lake Start of flooding End of flooding Edelmann Murner Bruckel Au Linden 1964 1979 1980 1982 1982 1979 1989 1994 <1999 <2002 Actual maximum depth (m) Intended maximum depth (m) Final lake area (ha) 10 10 45 40 26 12 45 40 30 18 90 145 121 24 11 The symbol < denotes that flooding is planned to be finished before the year specified. 1). All lakes receive groundwater from the same aquifer. To stabilize the lake sides the lake water level is always kept above the groundwater table by removing the groundwater at a certain distance from the lake and then pumping it into the lakes.
Peine and S. ::> . cD. 6 • /! = 10 ~ 10 c c III •II o 1 2 3 d 456 80 42- [mmoVI] Fig. 2 a-d. Profiles of lake water concentrations of Lake Au and Lake Murner. Surface water concentrations of Lakes Linden, Bruckel and Edelmann. a pH; b aluminium; c ferric iron; d sulphate 4 In-Lake Neutralization of Acid Mine Lakes Fig. 06 Fe2+ [mmoVlj Fig. 3. 01 N NaOH solution to the surface water samples. The dashed line denotes the inflection point which lies atpH=5 4 AA Lake Unden . - . Lake Au . - . Lake Bruckel a- a Lake Murner .