Britain's Cities: Geographies of Division in Urban Britain by Michael Pacione

By Michael Pacione

Asymmetric distribution of existence is a dominant characteristic of town. significant social, fiscal and spatial divisions are obvious when it comes to source of revenue and wealth, healthiness, crime, housing, and employment. this article deals an creation to present methods of city restructuring, geographies of department and modern stipulations in the urban. The geography of Britain's towns is the end result of interplay among a number of private and non-private fiscal, social and political forces working at a number of spatial scales from the worldwide to the neighborhood. A deeper figuring out of the character of city department and of the issues of and clients for local community and areas in city Britain needs to be grounded in an appreciation of the structural forces, techniques and contextual components which situation neighborhood city geographies. This ebook combines structural and native point views to light up the advanced geography of socio-spatial department inside city Britain. It combines conceptual and empirical analyses from researchers within the box.

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For capital, as we have seen, the prime directive is profit maximization. The state, on the other hand, in addition to facilitating the process of accumulation, must also satisfy the goal of legitimation. These political and economic imperatives have a direct influence on the nature of urban policy. Urban policy is also conditioned by external forces operating within the global system, as well as by locally specific factors and agents. The form of urban policy employed depends on the problem to be addressed and, most fundamentally, on the ideological position of the state.

G. g. by offering tax incentives to incoming industries). 3 The modern world economy comprises a core (characterized by relatively high incomes, advanced technology and diversified production) and periphery. The core needs the periphery to provide the surplus to fuel its growth. Core-periphery relationships exist at all geographic scales including, for example, differences in levels of prosperity between the ‘sunbelt’ towns of southern England and the older industrial cities of north Britain. 4 As we have seen, the world economy has followed a temporally cyclical pattern of growth and recession characterized by Kondratieff cycles.

More usually a range of policy options exists. Urban policy is the product of the power relationships between the different interest groups that constitute a particular social formation. Foremost among these agents are the state, both local and national, and capital in its various fractions. Capital and state pursue specific goals which may be either complementary or contradictory. For capital, as we have seen, the prime directive is profit maximization. The state, on the other hand, in addition to facilitating the process of accumulation, must also satisfy the goal of legitimation.

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