Britain's New Towns: Garden Cities to Sustainable by Anthony Alexander

By Anthony Alexander

The hot cities Programme of 1946 to 1970 was once probably the most great sessions of city improvement in Britain. the hot cities have frequently been defined as a social test; so what has this test proved? This e-book covers the tale of ways those cities got here to be outfitted, how they elderly, and the demanding situations and possibilities they now face as they start stages of renewal. the recent methods in layout all through their previous improvement mirror alterations in society in the course of the latter half the 20th century. those alterations are actually on the middle of the problem of sustainable improvement. the hot cities supply classes for social, monetary and environmental sustainability. those classes are of significant relevance for the regeneration of 20th century urbanism and the construction of recent city advancements at the present time.

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Extra resources for Britain's New Towns: Garden Cities to Sustainable Communities

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Corby in the East Midlands saw the expansion of a pre-war steel works, Stewarts & Lloyds, which had played a major role in the invasion of France, manufacturing the top secret oil pipeline PLUTO (PipeLine Under The Ocean). Scottish steel workers from Ravenscraig in the Clyde Valley had migrated down to man the plant as early as the mid-1920s, but now a major expansion of operations fitted well with the offer of a new life in England for Scottish steel workers. In Scotland itself, East Kilbride in the Clyde Valley was the first New Town intended to accommodate population from the slums of inner-city Glasgow, while Glenrothes New Town was connected to the increased exploitation of coal-fields in the East Fife area between Edinburgh and Dundee.

As described by John D. Clare, historian of the town, He envisaged a classless town, where manager and mechanic would live next door to each other in council houses. Newton Aycliffe was to be a paradise for housewives, with houses grouped around greens so children could play safely away from roads. There would be nurseries (to look after children while their mothers went shopping), a sports stadium, a park and a ‘district heating system’, so dirty coal fires would not be necessary. The pubs were going to be state-run, and would sell nationalised beer.

Yet, the landscape and location presented problems for the architects concerned with quality place-making. The architects of Newton Aycliffe puzzled over the challenges of creating a sense of place, saying, idealism of that first majority Labour Government and the establishment of Britain’s post-war welfare state. Newton Aycliffe was a New Town built around the abandoned remains of one of the country’s most significant munitions factories. At the war’s end, the site had employed a vast 17,000 people – mostly women, known as the Aycliffe Angels – and was made available for new industries.

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Categories: Urban Land Use Planning