Buddhism, Critical Concepts in Religious Studies, Volume 2 by Paul Williams

By Paul Williams

From a box basically of curiosity to expert orientalists, the examine of Buddhism has constructed to include inter alia, theology and spiritual reviews, philosophy, cultural experiences, anthropology and comparative reviews. there's now larger direct entry to Buddhism within the West than ever prior to, and Buddhist stories are attracting expanding numbers of students.

This eight-volume set brings jointly seminal papers in Buddhist reports from an enormous variety of educational disciplines, released over the past 40 years. With a brand new advent via the editor, this assortment is a different and unrivalled learn source for either scholar and scholar.

VOLUME II THE EARLY BUDDHIST colleges AND
DOCTRINAL historical past; THERAVADA
DOCTRINE
Acknowledgements vn
18 Theravada Buddhist sangha: a few normal observations on
historical and political elements in its improvement 1
HEINZ BECHERT
19 Notes at the formation of Buddhist sects and the origins of
Mahayana
HEINZ BECHERT
20 Buddhistjhana: its nature and attainment in line with the
Pali sources
L.S. COUSINS
21 The 'five points' and the origins of the Buddhist schools
L.S. COUSINS
22 individual and self
L S. COUSINS
23 Cosmology and meditation: from the Aggaiiiia-Sutta to the
Mahayana
RUPERT GETHIN
24 Kindness and compassion as a method to nirvaQa
R.F. GOMBRICH
25 focus or perception: the complicated of Theravada
Buddhist meditation theory
PAUL GRIFFITHS
26 Councils as rules and occasions within the Theravada
CHARLES HALLISEY
27 Saik$a-dharmas revisited: additional concerns of
Mahasa~pghika origins
CHARLES S. PREBISH
zs MahasaQighika origins: the beginnings of Buddhist
sectarianism
JAN NATTIER AND CHARLES S PREBISH
29 the different our bodies of the Buddha: reflections on a neglected
aspect of Theravada tradition
FRANK E. REYNOLDS
30 at the challenge of the relation of religious perform and
philosophical thought in Buddhism
LAMBERT SCHMITHAUSEN
31 Buddhist Modernism and the rhetoric of meditative
experience
ROBERT H SHARF
32 the reworking reward: an research of devotional acts of
offering in Buddhist Avadiina literature
JOHN robust
PETER SKILLING

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As a justification, the Buddha's word that everybody has to get on with his Karma himself, is quoted. Exactly in the same manner the theory is repudiated that one being can procure happiness for another being which does not result from his karma (paro parassa sukharp anuppadeti, Kathavatthu XVI. ). This refutation is based on the argument, that it is also impossible for one being to inflict pain upon another one which does not result from his own karma. These views of the author of the Kathavatthu can hardly be justified if we remember our previous considerations.

Its author has also included earlier material transmitted outside the chroniclers' traditions. Indian Buddhist works give information on the origination of Buddhist sects, but again, the material was arranged in the form of full-fledged historical works only outside India. , therefore occupy an important place in Buddhist literature. In the absence of reliable Indian historical traditions, the early history of Buddhism was worked out mainly with the help of indirect evidence. The main divisions of the relevant material are: I inscriptional evidence, 2.

C. Some scholars have expressed doubts about the reliability of this account, but again it is the study of linguistic details which helps to establish beyond doubt that the texts had had a period of oral tradition in Ceylon before they were written on palmleaves. This is clear from the existence of undoubtably old Sinhalese-Prakrit forms in Pali suttas. These forms were used to characterize the speech of heretical teachers as uneducated speech. (See H. Bechert, Singhalesisches im Palikanon, Wiener Zeitschrift fuer die Kunde Sued-und Ostasiens I, 1957, p.

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