Category: Semantics

Key Ideas in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language by Siobhan Chapman, Christopher Routledge

By Siobhan Chapman, Christopher Routledge

This booklet deals introductory entries on eighty rules that experience formed the examine of language as much as the current day. Entries are written by way of specialists within the fields of linguistics and the philosophy of language to mirror the entire diversity of ways and modes of proposal. each one access contains a short description of the belief, an account of its improvement, and its impression at the box of language learn. The booklet is written in an obtainable sort with transparent descriptions of technical phrases, courses to additional analyzing, and wide cross-referencing among entries. an invaluable extra function of this e-book is that it's cross-referenced all through with Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language (Edinburgh, 2005), revealing major connections and continuities within the comparable disciplines. principles lined variety from experience information, man made Intelligence, and good judgment, via Generative Semantics, Cognitivism, and dialog research, to Political Correctness, Deconstruction, and Corpora.

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Abstract Objects and the Semantics of Natural Language by Friederike Moltmann

By Friederike Moltmann

Summary items were a imperative subject in philosophy considering that antiquity. Philosophers have defended a variety of perspectives approximately summary items by means of beautiful to metaphysical issues, concerns relating to arithmetic or technology, and, no longer occasionally, intuitions approximately common language. This publication pursues the query of ways and no matter if normal language makes it possible for connection with summary gadgets in a completely systematic means. via making complete use of up to date linguistic semantics, it provides a far larger diversity of linguistic generalizations than has formerly been considered in philosophical discussions, and it argues for an ontological photo is especially diversified from that quite often taken without any consideration by means of philosophers and semanticists alike. connection with summary items reminiscent of houses, numbers, propositions, and levels is significantly extra marginal than quite often held. as a substitute, normal language is very beneficiant in permitting connection with particularized homes (tropes), using nonreferential expressions in obvious referential place, and using "nominalizing expressions," reminiscent of quantifiers like "something." connection with summary items is completed mostly in basic terms via 'reifying terms', reminiscent of "the quantity eight."

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Semantics of Genitive Objects in Russian: A Study of by Olga Kagan

By Olga Kagan

The genitive/accusative competition in Slavic languages is a decades-old linguistic conundrum. laying off new gentle in this difficult object-case alternation in Russian, this quantity analyzes variations of genitive gadgets that trade with accusative complements—the genitive of negation and the intensional genitive. the writer contends that those variations are manifestations of an analogous phenomenon, and therefore require an built-in research. additional, that the alternative of case is delicate to elements that fuse semantics and pragmatics, and that the genitive case is assigned to things denoting homes whilst they lack dedication to life. Kagan’s sophisticated research debts for the complicated kin among case-marking and different houses, reminiscent of definiteness, specificity, quantity and point. It additionally finds a correlation among the genitive case and the subjunctive temper, and relates her overarching subject material to different situations of differential object-marking.

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Lexical Meaning in Context: A Web of Words by Nicholas Asher

By Nicholas Asher

It is a ebook in regards to the meanings of phrases and the way they could mix to shape better significant devices, in addition to how they could fail to mix whilst the amalgamation of a predicate and argument might produce what the thinker Gilbert Ryle known as a 'category mistake'. It argues for a thought within which phrases get assigned either an intension and a sort. The e-book develops a wealthy procedure of varieties and investigates its philosophical and formal implications, for instance the abandonment of the vintage Church research of varieties that has been utilized by linguists due to the fact that Montague. the writer integrates interesting and perplexing observations approximately lexical that means right into a compositional semantic framework. changes in kinds are a characteristic of the compositional approach and account for numerous phenomena together with coercion and copredication. This booklet should be of curiosity to semanticists, philosophers, logicians and computing device scientists alike.

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Locality in WH Quantification: Questions and Relative by Veneeta Dayal

By Veneeta Dayal

Locality in WH Quantification argues that Logical shape, the extent that mediates among syntax and semantics, is derived from S-structure through strictly neighborhood circulation. the first info for the declare of locality at LF is drawn from Hindi yet English info is utilized in discussing the semantics of questions and relative clauses. The publication takes a cross-linguistic viewpoint displaying how the Hindi and English proof might be delivered to endure at the idea of common grammar.
There are a number of phenomena in general notion to contain long-distance dependencies at LF, resembling scope marking, long-distance record solutions and correlatives. during this e-book they're dealt with through explicating novel forms of neighborhood relationships that interrogative and relative clauses can input. Amore articulated semantics is proven resulting in a less complicated syntax.
between different concerns addressed is the change from uniqueness/maximality results in unmarried WH structures to record readings in a number of WH structures. those results are captured by means of adapting the remedy of WH expressions as quantifying over capabilities to the instances of a number of WH questions and correlatives. record readings as a result of practical dependencies are systematically distinct from those who are according to plurality.

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Second Language Writers' Text: Linguistic and Rhetorical by Eli Hinkel

By Eli Hinkel

This entire and particular research of moment language writers' textual content identifies explicitly and quantifiably the place their textual content differs from that of local audio system of English. The publication relies at the result of a large-scale research of university-level native-speaker and non-native-speaker essays written according to six activates. in particular, the examine investigates the frequencies of makes use of of sixty eight linguistic (syntactic and lexical) and rhetorical gains in essays written through complicated non-native audio system in comparison with these within the essays of local audio system enrolled in first-year composition classes. the choice of good points for inclusion during this research relies on their textual capabilities and meanings, as pointed out in previous examine on English language grammar and lexis. Such research is efficacious since it can tell the instructing of grammar and lexis, in addition to discourse, and function a foundation for moment language curriculum and direction layout; and supply beneficial perception for moment language pedagogical functions of the study's findings.

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Quantification (Research Surveys in Linguistics) by Anna Szabolcsi

By Anna Szabolcsi

Quantification kinds an important point of cross-linguistic examine into either sentence constitution and which means. This booklet surveys examine in quantification beginning with the foundational paintings within the Nineteen Seventies. It paints a bright photo of generalized quantifiers and Boolean semantics. It explains how the invention of numerous scope behaviour within the Nineteen Nineties reworked the view of quantification, and the way the research of the interior composition of quantifiers has turn into vital in recent times. It offers various techniques to an identical difficulties, and hyperlinks sleek good judgment and formal semantics to advances in generative syntax. a different function of the publication is that it systematically brings cross-linguistic facts to undergo at the theoretical matters, overlaying French, German, Dutch, Hungarian, Russian, eastern, Telugu (Dravidian), and Shupamem (Grassfield Bantu) and issues to formal semantic literature concerning quantification in round thirty languages.

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Written Reliquaries: The Resonance of Orality in Medieval by Leslie K. Arnovick

By Leslie K. Arnovick

Written Reliquaries: The resonance of orality in medieval English texts establishes the linguistic component to orality and oral culture. The relics it examines are lines of spoken functionality, artifacts of linguistic and cultural procedures. Seven case experiences animate verbal acts of creating grants, quoting proverbs, announcing curses, talking gibberish, praying Pater Nosters, invoking saints, and holding silence. The examine in their resonance is enabled via a methodological conjunction of old pragmatics and oral conception. Insights from oral idea enlighten spoken traditions which in flip can be understood within the greater historical-pragmatic context of linguistic functionality. The inquiry levels throughout large in addition to slender planes of connection with hint a posh set of cultural and linguistic interactions. during this method it reconstructs appropriate discursive contexts, giving exact bills of underlying assumptions, traditions, and conventions. Doing so, the e-book demonstrates that an built-in technique not just permits entry to oral discourse in either outdated English and center English but in addition offers perception into the fluid medieval interchange of literacy and orality.

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