Central Philosophy of Buddhism: A Study of Madhyamika System by T. R. V. Murti

By T. R. V. Murti

Publish 12 months note: First released in 1955
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The Madhyamika philosophy is, within the author’s view, the philosophy which created a revolution in Buddhism and during that during the complete variety of Indian philosophy. This quantity is a examine of the Madhyamika philosophy in all its vital elements and is split into 3 parts:

Historical: this strains the beginning and improvement of the Madhyamika philosophy.

The moment half concentrates on an entire and important exposition of the Madhyamika philosophy, the constitution of its dialectic, its perception of absolutely the and its ethics and religion.

The final a part of the publication compares the Madhyamika with a few of the recognized dialectical structures of the West (Kant, Hegel and Bradley) and undertakes a quick research of the several absolutisms (Madhyamika, Vijnanavada and the Vedanta).

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For one thing, the senses must not be allowed to lead one into further involvement or distractions by roaming around uncontrolled 'like the vicious horses of a charioteer'. The body is a vehicle which must be kept in proper condition and under proper guidance. In the figure of the Katha Upanishad, the body is the chariot, the horses are the senses, the charioteer is the discriminative faculty, the mind is the reins, and the master of the chariot is the Self (Atman). 3 The man of discrimination does not allow the horses to run away with the chariot.

The devotees of the cult of indulgence are slow to recognize that it too is a form of self-torture, no more emancipating in the 1 Guenon, Man and His Becoming, p. 1; Coomaraswamy, Hinduism and Buddhism, p. 40. 2 Occidentals need to remember that public demonstrators of socalled yogic powers are regarded as misguided pilgrims by serious Indians. At worst, such persons are charlatans catering to the curiosityseekers.

1 This concern about achieving a happy after-life played directly into the hands of the priests. The priesthood tended to exploit the situation at the expense of the masses. The priestly apparatus became too expensive for the common Translation by M. Monier-Williams, Indian Wisdom (Luzac, London, 1893). 1 r8 ANCIENT INblA LOOKS AT LIFE man to hire. Only the wealthy few could take it or leave it. The more thoughtful persons began to withdraw to meditate anew upon the ancient themes. The first attempts to escape the rigors of the costly priestly system took the form of substituting, meditation upon the sacrifice for the sacrifice itself.

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