Certified Tropical Timber and Consumer Behaviour: The Impact by Dipl.-Vw. Karl Ludwig Brockmann, Dipl.-Vw. Jens Hemmelskamp,

By Dipl.-Vw. Karl Ludwig Brockmann, Dipl.-Vw. Jens Hemmelskamp, Dr. Olav Hohmeyer (auth.)

Boycotting tropical trees reduces its fiscal worth and gives an incentive to burn down forests, making them on hand for next agricultural use or cattle farming. by contrast, a certification scheme for sustainability produced trees (tropical or non-tropical) protects the forests through elevating their fiscal price.
This research examines the effect of a certification scheme on German call for for tropical bushes. A partial-equilibrium version is constructed for the German tropical trees marketplace as a complete in addition to for 5 very important submarkets representing 50% of the whole call for. the implications demonstrate credible certification scheme can result in an important enlargement of call for for sustainability produced tropical trees. This holds actual for a scheme constrained to Germany in addition to for an OECD-wide approach.

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Extra resources for Certified Tropical Timber and Consumer Behaviour: The Impact of a Certification Scheme for Tropical Timber from Sustainable Forest Management on German Demand

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According to Table 2, a conservative estimate of sustainable harvest volume is 1,1 m 3 per hectare and year and for the given structure of timber species. Thus, assuming a maximum cultivated area of 309 Mio hectare, it is possible to harvest approx. 340 Mio m 3 per year on a long-term basis. However, taking into account that, according to information provided by the FAD (1993:52), so far logging is taking place in - per year - only 3% of the production forest areas and that wide forest areas have not yet been opened up, the medium- to long-term production potential for sustainably produced tropical timber is smaller.

This is accomplished partly through internal declarations of single companies or associations choosing their own criteria. A survey carried out by IPOS (1993) showed that the credibility of such declarations on the part of consumers is generally slight. Self-declarations of this kind are possible because terms such as "environmentally compatible" and "bio" are not protected by law. ) on the basis of scientifically reproducible criteria. These labels are widely accepted by the general population.

1 Tropical Timber Imports and Exports As explained in the previous chapter, the amount of statistical information available on production, import and export of tropical timber products in Germany is limited. The foreign trade statistics indicate that Germany exports few tropical roundwood and half-finished goods made of tropical timber. Finished products too, in as far as they are listed with a separate itemisation for "tropical timber", show no significant export volumes. For some important half-finished and finished tropical timber products, only aggregate export figures covering all timber species are available from the foreign trade statistics.

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