China: Air, Land, and Water : Environmental Priorities for a by Robert T. Livernash

By Robert T. Livernash

'China: Air, Land, and Water' is an additional bankruptcy within the profitable and inventive discussion among the realm financial institution and the People's Republic of China. It makes a speciality of easy methods to advertise either China's monetary progress whereas preserving its setting. The targets of this document comprise reassessing the environmental scenario in China and utilizing this research to devise a technique for making improvements to environmental caliber within the years forward. encompasses a CD-ROM with complete textual content plus extra historical past study and knowledge.

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Total Reduction -250 -200 -150 -100 -50 0 1,000 Hectares 2,967 North Northwest Northeast East Central Plateau Southwest South 865 4,804 Source: Huang et al. (1999) Note: Losses are cumulative for the period. 2). This is a direct reflection of the massive metropolitan area developing in the lower Yangtze Basin between Shanghai and Nanjing, and also from extension of the Beijing/Tianjin urban area. The land in the lower Yangtze is some of the most inherently productive agricultural land in China, is well served with water, and is located close to major urban markets.

8 million hectares) was in non-timber forest, such as nature reserves and shelterbelts. China’s achievement in terms of forest cover has been quite remarkable, and possibly even unprecedented in a country that is still at a relatively early and rapidly growing stage of economic development and also has to deal with very heavy population pressure. 6, significant reductions in the area of forested land occurred between 1973-76 and 1977-81, with the northeast region being particularly notable. The declines during this period were due to a combination of over-logging, predominantly by state-owned forest enterprises; forest conversion for agricultural development; and illegal logging.

This is believed to be the highest ratio of actual-to-potential desertification of any country in the world. The problem is mainly restricted to just five provinces/ autonomous regions: Xinjiang (42 percent of 18 Data on which to assess desertification trends at the national level are rather limited. They suggest that desertification has been worsening progressively over the last 50 years, and the rate may have accelerated during both the 1980s and the 1990s. China: Air, Land, and Water There are two main geographical areas where significant desertification is occurring: (1) the agro-pastoral transitional zone in northern China, predominantly in Inner Mongolia but extending into five other provinces to some degree; and, (2) areas surrounding agricultural oases on the internally draining river systems of northwestern China, predominantly in Xinjiang and Gansu provinces.

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