By J. Vogler
John Vogler examines the foreign politics of weather swap, with a spotlight at the United countries Framework conference (UNFCCC). He considers how the overseas process treats the matter of weather switch, analysing the ways that this has been outlined by way of the foreign neighborhood and the pursuits and alignments of nation governments.
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However, the difficulties of doing this and arranging compensation for economies dependent on coal would have been immense. If the major part of the climate problem arises from the burning of hydrocarbons in energy generation (constituting some 80 per cent 18 Climate Change in World Politics of global energy supply) then it would also have made sense to target government fuel subsidies and to institute measures to encourage the development of renewables. David Victor has argued that the difficulty with international attempts to manage the climate problem is that it was initially framed as an environmental issue whereas ‘… in reality, its root causes and solutions lie in the functioning of energy markets and in the incentives for technological change within those markets’ (Victor, 2011, p.
Carbon dioxide removal could involve a range of techniques including re-afforestation, various Framing and Fragmentation 29 forms of land-use management and carbon capture and sequestration. Alternatively, there is the possibility of ocean fertilisation, requiring modification of the photosynthetic layer of micro nutrients to increase their uptake of carbon and ultimately deposit them on the seabed. Solar radiation management is based on different principles. Attempts could be made to change the surface albedo (a measure of reflectivity) of the planet leading to a direct cooling effect.
The Montreal Protocol was specifically designed to ban production and trade in those chlorofluorocarbons identified as having stratospheric ozone-depleting effects. Instead of following this example, the climate regime was to target a range of ubiquitous ‘source’ GHGs and ‘sinks’3 when it might, for example, have been more productive to arrange the reduction or phasing out of coal production and trade. However, the difficulties of doing this and arranging compensation for economies dependent on coal would have been immense.
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