By Andrzej Zuczkowski, Ramona Bongelli, Ilaria Riccioni, Carla Canestrari
This quantity is a suite of 18 papers at the communique of simple task and uncertainty. the 1st half introduces fresh theoretical advancements and basic versions at the subject and its kin with modality, subjectivity, inter-subjectivity, epistemicity, evidentiality, hedging, mitigation and speech acts. within the moment half, effects from empirical experiences in scientific and supportive contexts are offered, all of that are according to a conversational research process. those papers document on specialist dialogues together with recommendation giving in gynecological consultations, breaking diagnostic undesirable information to sufferers, emergency calls, dependancy healing neighborhood conferences and bureaucratic-institutional interactions. the ultimate half issues the qualitative and quantitative research of corpora, addressing medical writing (both study and renowned articles) and educational communique in English, German, Spanish and Romanian. the gathering is addressed to students fascinated about the topical matters from a theoretical and analytical point of view and to well-being execs attracted to the sensible implications of speaking walk in the park or uncertainty.
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Extra resources for Communicating Certainty and Uncertainty in Medical, Supportive and Scientific Contexts
1988. ” Studies in Language 12: 51–97. 04wil CHAPTER 2 Certainty and uncertainty in assertive speech acts* Paolo Labinaz and Marina Sbisà University of Trieste, Italy We begin by considering three main philosophical accounts of assertion, showing that each emphasizes specific aspects of it while leaving others aside, and then proceed to offering a more comprehensive speech-act theoretic account of assertion, which owes much to Austin’s approach to illocutionary acts. On the basis of this account, we investigate how assertion and other members of the assertive speech act family serve the aim of communicating, not merely pieces of information, but also the speaker’s attitude of certainty or uncertainty about them.
We are certain that we cannot fly, that we live somewhere, that we have got a name, that the sun will rise tomorrow. Besides, and this will be the focus of this paper, we can also communicate a piece of information as certain or uncertain. We can convey the same piece of information in slightly different ways, for example as the content of * The authors have collaborated in the research on which this paper relies, and have discussed all parts of the paper. 6 are authored by Marina Sbisà. 32 Paolo Labinaz and Marina Sbisà a guess or a supposition, or of a claim or a conclusion.
2. What is an assertion? Suppose that you are looking for your dog in the living room. In the meanwhile, your girlfriend comes into the room and tells you: (1) The dog is in the kitchen. In doing so, she tells you that something is thus-and-so, that is, that your dog is in the kitchen. Almost all philosophers of language agree that by uttering (1) your girlfriend has made an assertion. â•‡ Certainty and uncertainty in assertive speech acts work”. 1 In the above-mentioned example, (1) is the declarative sentence by means of which your girlfriend asserts that Fido is in the kitchen of the flat at the third floor, 3, Central Street, Town XY.