Communicative organization in natural language : the by Igor Mel'cuk

By Igor Mel'cuk

The booklet defines the idea that of Semantic-Communicative constitution [= Sem-CommS]-a formal item that's imposed at the beginning Semantic constitution [= SemS] of a sentence (under textual content synthesis) to be able to flip the chosen which means right into a linguistic message. The Sem-CommS is a approach of 8 logically self reliant oppositions: 1. Thematicity (Rheme vs. Theme), 2. Givenness (Given vs. Old), three. Focalization (Focalized Read more...

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Extra resources for Communicative organization in natural language : the semantic-communicative structure of sentences

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Arborization. , L( ), is made the top node of the corresponding DSyntS. In this process, Comm-dominance plays a major role. The rules for the determination of the ch. i: characterization of the sem-comm-structure 39 entry node in a SemS from the speci cation of Comm-dominance were rst proposed and implemented by L. Iordanskaja and A. Polgu re (Iordanskaja & Polgu re, 1988 Iordanskaja, 1990) I will present these rules below in a slightly modi ed form. To begin with, let it be emphasized that in the discussion that follows in particular, with respect to the syntacticization rules quoted I consider exclusively the synthesis of full, non-elliptical clauses for nominal phrases the rules for the determination of the entry node must obviously be di erent.

Examples (20) show clearly to what extent the Sem-CommS is important in the synthesis of actual sentences: a sentence S conveys a speci c message which refers to a speci c situation, and it is the Sem-CommS of S that allows for an appropriate `packaging' of the initial SemS into the contents of this message with a well-speci ed referent. 2 Ensuring the Coherence of the Text under Synthesis Suppose that sentence (20a) has to be synthesized from (2) and the corresponding Sem-CommS is being constructed.

Yet the Sem-Comm-oppositions are by no means substantively independent of each other. On the contrary, there are strong correlations between their di erent values sometimes statistical (such and such a combination is more frequent, because it is more natural), and sometimes absolute (such and such a combination of Sem-Comm-values is impossible or, on the contrary, obligatory). For example: The Theme tends to be Given, while the Rheme tends to be New (although they need not be, as will be shown).

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