Computation of Language: An Essay on Syntax, Semantics and by Roland Hausser, Dana Scott

By Roland Hausser, Dana Scott

The learn of linguistics has been eternally replaced via the arrival of the pc. not just does the computing device allow the processing of huge amounts of textual content­ thereby securing a greater empirical starting place for conclusions-but additionally, because it is a modelling gadget, the computing device permits the implementation of theories of grammar and other forms of language processing. versions could have very unforeseen homes­ either solid and bad-and it is just via vast exams that the price of a version may be appropriately assessed. the pc revolution has been happening for a few years, and its value for linguistics used to be famous early on, however the newer unfold of non-public workstations has made it a fact which may now not be missed by means of a person within the topic. the current essay, specifically, may possibly by no means were written with out assistance from the pc. i do know individually from conversations and consultations with the writer over many months how the publication has replaced. If he didn't have at his command a strong typesetting software, he don't have been in a position to see how his writing regarded and precisely the way it needed to be revised and amplified. much more major for the evolution of the linguistic idea is the straightforward trying out of examples made attainable by means of the implementation of the parser and the computer-held lexicon. certainly, the guideline set and lexicon grew considerably after the successes of the early implementations created the will to include extra linguistic phenomena.

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The most important interschema properties are synonymies (indicating that two concepts have the same meaning), homonymies (denoting that two concepts have different meanings, yet having the same name), hyponymies/hypernymies (indicating that a concept has a more specific meaning than another one) and overlappings (denoting that two concepts are neither synonyms nor one hyponym of the other, but represent, to some extent, the same reality). In order to better understand the importance of interschema properties, consider the following example.

The algorithm exploits only syntactic techniques at the element and structure level. It starts from the string-based comparison (common prefixes, suffixes tests) of the nodes’ labels to obtain an initial Semantic Matching: Algorithms and Implementation 35 mapping which is further refined within the fix-point computation. SF considers the mappings as a solution to a clearly stated optimization problem. Cupid. , tree matching weighted by leaves). It also exploits external resources, in particular, a precompiled thesaurus.

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Categories: Semantics