Crime and the City: Essays in Memory of John Barron Mays by David Downes

By David Downes

Until eventually the paintings of John Mays within the Liverpool of the early Fifties, delinquency was once approached in Britain as an issue to be analyzed purely by way of statistical inventories or mental profiles. It was once Mays' paintings which spread out what has considering that get to grips territory: delinquency instead, neighbourhood and social atmosphere. those essays replicate, in quite a few methods, the tension at the neighborhood, city, social global conveyed by means of John Mays as crucial for an figuring out of crime and delinquency. the themes coated comprise the matter and response in past due Victorian England, Merseyside because the concentration for unemployment and its touching on figuring out delinquency, woman crime and policing within the East finish and south of London. David Downes is the writer of "The antisocial Solution", "Gambling, paintings and Leisure", "Deviant Interpretations" and "Understanding Deviants".

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85-9. Metropolitan Police Commissioner Papers, 'Prisoners: Disorderly Conduct 1900-1907', MEPO 2/1010. Public Record Office. Cf. J. White, 'Police and People in London in the 1930s', Oral History, vol. 11, no. 2, 1983; J. White, 'Campbell Bunk: A Lumpen Community in London between the Wars', History Workshop, no. 8, 1979; P. Cohen, 'Policing the Working Oass City', in B. Fine et al. P. Bean, The Sheffield Gang Wars (D & D Publications, 1981). Report of the Commissioner of the Police of the Metropolis 1899, Cd.

There is also a lamentable lack of any fine sense of sportsmanship ... It is not thought dishonourable to win a game by an entirely false claim for a goal ... In the case of competitions in which there is an age limit, lads who are older than the limit will unblushingly sign statements to the effect that they are one or two years younger, and consider that they have done something rather to be complimented upon. 73 Even worse, although Russell admired the 'business-like methods' employed by boys as young as ten or twelve years of age when they formed themselves into a league team, sometimes they were a little too business-like.

The estates are worth detailed attention in part simply because the contrast between their demographic similarity and their crime-rate differences is so sharp. At a more theoretical level, they repay study partly because they exemplify in detail some conclusions about the relationship between housing markets and residential community crime careers, which have been developed elsewhere (Bottoms and Wiles, 1986); and partly also because analysing crime on the two estates raises fundamentally important questions about divisions within the working class which are of central criminological significance, yet which have been too often neglected in contemporary criminology.

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