Cultural Heritage and Development: A Framework for Action in by World Bank

By World Bank

This booklet analyzes the cultural background area within the center East and North Africa sector and the realm Bank's coverage and operational reports during this region over the last six years―1996 to 2001. It additionally offers an outline and an research of the adventure of the center East and North Africa area in aiding patrimony protection and descriptions its procedure and thoughts for destiny actions during this sector. This quantity deals operational feedback for addressing the various cultural, monetary, institutional and fiscal difficulties of integrating patrimony administration inside improvement frameworks.

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Sample text

This is the most severe risk facing the patrimony—a risk that requires in-depth understanding and concerted responses. Perishability of patrimony assets. It is true that the loss of material heritage is not a novel occurrence. What is new is that recent economic circumstances combine dangerously with natural causes to increase the magnitude and speed of this destruction, with irreparable consequences for present and future generations. The material heritage is a perishable public good, and states and nations have a compelling responsibility for preserving it.

Improving the governance of the cultural patrimony is a task of national importance for every country. In sum, this analysis documents on a sectorwide basis the need to overcome weaknesses in institutional and organizational capacities (central and local) and in the updating of policy and legal frameworks. In developing longer-term strategies, the need to reform the current financing system for CH must be seen, in some countries, as including market-informed repricing of access fees and other services and better husbanding of the sector’s own capacities for self-financing.

For example, demographic projections indicate that Mediterranean coastal populations will grow from 82 million in 1990 to 150 million—170 million in 2025, sharpening competition for land and increasing pollution, among other effects. ● Tourism, which is intended to celebrate the historic patrimony and may contribute to saving it, can have destructive effects when it is commercialized beyond normal carrying capacities, bringing pollution, waste, and sometimes vandalism. ● Looting, illegal excavations, and theft from archaeological sites, repositories, and museums are among the most vicious forms of heritage destruction.

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